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The Triune Brain - IELTS Reading Answers

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IELTS students will find The Triune Brain Reading Answers helpful. Because it has answers to the kinds of questions that will help to get the skills needed to get high scores on the test. It's no secret that the IELTS reading section is pretty hard. The Triune Brain section provides knowledge about why scientists called the reptilian cortex one of our three evolving brains.To succeed in the IELTS reading section, read the complete passage and answer questions of three different types. For in-depth explanations of each solution, check out The Triune Brain Reading Answers.

The reading module of the IELTS exam includes a variety of question types and requires reading techniques to solve them easily. To acquire a better band score, the student must understand question types and answer them accordingly. Complete all the questions and then analyze the Moles happy as homes go underground Reading Answers with an explanation.

Table of Contents

The Triune Brain Reading Passage

Paragraph 1

Scientists have identified the reptilian cortex as the first of our three brain regions to evolve. This brain ensures that the body can do the most fundamental functions necessary for survival, like breathing, resting, and keeping the heart pumping. It is not necessary for us to "think" about these pursuits. The "startle centre," a system that allows us to respond quickly to sudden and unexpected events, is likewise located in the reptilian cortex. The reptilian cortex is responsible for your startled lurch when a door smashes elsewhere in the house and your heightened awareness when a twig cracks in a nearby bush on your evening stroll. The reptilian brain has only the most primitive impulses when it comes to social interaction, such as aggression, mating, and territorial defence. A crocodile protecting its territory along the river is not different to a turf fight between rival gangs in the city.

Paragraph 2

The lizard may be possessive of its territory, but it doesn't care one bit about the welfare of its offspring. It is evident that something new is happening when one hears the emergency call of a dolphin separated from its pod or when one sees elephants grieving for their dead. The limbic cortex has been recognised by scientists. The limbic cortex, found only in mammals, motivates animals to care for their young by flooding the parent with sensations of love and comfort while their young are in direct range. Mammals, like humans, are motivated to form bonds with others through emotional experiences. Our pleasant feelings of togetherness, unity, and comfort are amplified when we are with people of "our kind," whether at a soccer practice, a church service, a school assembly, or a bar. We become lonely and motivated to seek connection if we spend too much time apart from these networks.               

Paragraph 3

It is only in humans that these two cortex are responsible and are able to scratch the surface of what is possible. We eat, sleep, and play like any other animal, but we also talk, scheme, reason, and argue over the finer details of morality. The neocortex, the expansive third brain responsible for reasoning, planning, and conceptualization, is largely responsible for our special abilities. The neocortex's strength lies in its capacity to reflectively consider issues beyond the scope of the immediate situation. Although some mammals, like apes, can learn and remember basic lessons, only humans are capable of considering the "big picture" at the same time as acting on impulse. We can construct complex theories of physical or social phenomena by stringing together elementary insights (an apple falls from a tree; hurting others leads to unhappiness, etc). (For example, gravitation laws and a concern for human rights).

Paragraph 4

When strung together, these decisions can add up to achievements that cannot be matched by any other animal. When a student knows that getting enough sleep will help them perform better on an exam the next day, it can be easier to overcome the limbic system's natural instinct to keep them up late socialising. This unending dedication over three years will yield a first-class degree and funding for further education; over a lifetime, it could lead to significant advancements in our understanding of the world and its inhabitants. The neocortex is responsible for our ability to delay gratification now in exchange for greater rewards later.

Paragraph 5

The complexity of brain damage and mental disorder can be better understood with a triune brain in mind. For instance, brain death is widely recognized as the most severe form of brain damage. The person may appear to be merely unconscious, perhaps sleeping, but this is a deceptive appearance. In this case, the reptilian brain is operating automatically despite the unrecoverable breakdown of other cortexes.

Paragraph 6

It's important to note that the limbic cortex registers disturbances in a different way. Pups with brain injuries to the limbic system are able to get around and take care of themselves nutritionally, but they are unaware of their littermates' presence. According to t scientists, "one impaired monkey stepped on his outraged peers as if treading on a log or a rock" after undergoing a limbic lobotomy2. In humans, damage to the limbic system is linked to sociopathic behaviour. Full-neocortex sociopaths are typically shrewd and emotionally intelligent as the average person, but they have severe difficulties forming meaningful connections with others and showing compassion.

Paragraph 7

A metal rod skewered railway worker Phineas Gage's skull, removing a significant portion of his neocortex, and yet he survived the injury. Gage's coworkers noticed a change in his equilibrium, even though he continued to live and work as before. Even as his intellectual abilities declined, Gage's animal tendencies became more pronounced, and he began making increasingly crude jokes. Nonetheless, recent research suggests that Gage was able to smooth out these distressing transitions and rediscover acceptable social behaviour over time. This suggests that patients with severe brain injuries may benefit from reparative therapy in order to improve their quality of life.
__________________________________________

1 Triune = three-in-one
2 Lobotomy =  brain nerves are cut by surgery.

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The Triune Brain IELTS Reading Questions

Questions 1-5

Classify the following as typical of:
      A. the reptilian cortex
      B. the limbic cortex
      C. the neocortex

Write the correct letter, A, B or C, on your answer sheet in boxes 1-5 

  1. Giving up happiness in the short term for gains in the long run.
  2. Maintaining the functions of the body that are necessary for life.
  3. To feel the pain of losing someone.
  4. Putting together groups and communities.
  5. Making a choice and sticking to it.

Questions 6-9

Complete the summary below.
For each response, choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER from the passage.

The 6.  _____________excels in looking at the big picture and thinking about things that might not be immediately relevant. Other species, like 7.______________, have a somewhat good memory and can acquire new information, but only humans can think strategically while also acting on 8. ___________. Simple observations (an apple falls from a tree; injuring others causes suffering) can be strung together to form more 9. ____________  of physical or social phenomena (such as the laws of gravity and a concern for human rights).

Questions 10-13

Complete the blanks below.
For each answer, write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the passage.
Write your answers on your answer sheet in boxes 10–13.

     10. A person who only has a reptilian cortex that functions is called_______________.

     11. ____________ in humans is associated with disorders in the limbic system.

     12. Phineas Gage lost part of his ____________  because of an accident in the Industry. 

     13. After his accident, Gage's coworkers noticed a difference between __________ and how he thought.

The Triune Brain Reading Answers With Explanations

The Triune Brain reading answers with explanations for the above questions are provided below.

(Note:The location and answer given in the passage are mentioned in bold text. Italics lines show sentences from the reading passage that explain what they imply.)

1. C

Answer Location: Paragraph 4, Last Line.
Explanation: The last line of the paragraph clearly states that, “The neocortex is responsible for our ability to delay gratification now in exchange for greater rewards later”. Therefore, the answer is C.

2. A

Answer Location: Paragraph 1, 1st Line. 
Explanation: The sentences state that, “Scientists have identified the reptilian cortex as the first of our three brain regions to evolve. This brain ensures that the body can do the most fundamental functions necessary for survival, like breathing, resting, and keeping the heart pumping”. This line indicates that the reptilian cortex maintains the functions of the body that are necessary for life. Hence, the solution is A.

3. B

Answer Location: Paragraph 2, 2nd Line.
Explanation: The sentence portrays that, “It is evident that something new is happening when one hears the emergency call of a dolphin separated from its pod or when one sees elephants grieving for their dead. The limbic cortex has been recognised by scientists”. The author’s illustration of anguished squeal of dolphins and elephants, describes that network loneliness is the pain of losing one another is caused by the limbic cortex.Therefore, the answer is B.

4. B

Answer Location: Paragraph 2, 4th Line.
Explanation: The sentence means that, The limbic cortex, found only in mammals, motivates animals to care for their young by flooding the parent with sensations of love and comfort while their young are in direct range. Emotions drive bonding in mammals and humans. Putting together groups and communities.Therefore, the answer is B.

5. C

Answer Location: Paragraph 4, 1st Line.
Explanation: This sentence clearly reveals the information that, “The neocortex is also in charge of the decision-making and dedication phases of our lives.” It means making a choice and sticking to it.  Hence, the solution is C.

6. Neocortex 

Answer Location: Paragraph 3, 5th Line.
Explanation: The sentence clearly states that,“The neocortex's strength lies in its capacity to reflectively consider issues beyond the scope of the immediate situation.” Thus, the answer is Neocortex.

7. Apes

Answer Location: Paragraph 3, 6th line.
Explanation: The Line reveals the information that, “Although some mammals, like apes, can learn and remember basic lessons, only humans are capable of considering the "big picture" at the same time as acting on impulse.” Hence, the answer is Apes.

8. Impulse

Answer Location: Paragraph 3, 8th line.
Explanation: The paragraph 8th line says that, “Although some mammals, like apes, can learn and remember basic lessons, only humans are capable of considering the "big picture" at the same time as acting on impulse.” Thus, the answer is Impulse.

9. Elementary insights

Answer Location: 5th paragraph, 9th line.
Explanation:  The paragraph 9th line says that,“We can construct complex theories of physical or social phenomena by stringing together elementary insights (an apple falls from a tree; hurting others leads to unhappiness, etc”). Therefore,  the answer is Elementary insights.

10. Brain Dead

Answer Location:Paragraph 5, 5th line.
Explanation: In the case of brain dead the reptilian brain is operating automatically despite the unrecoverable breakdown of other cortexes.

11. Sociopathic behaviour

Answer Location:Paragraph 6, 5th line.
Explanation: It is mentioned in the paragraph that, “In humans, damage to the limbic system is linked to sociopathic behaviour”.

12. Neocortex

Answer Location: Paragraph 7, 1st Line.  
Explanation: It is clearly mentioned in the paragraph that, “ A metal rod skewered railway worker Phineas Gage's skull, removing a significant portion of his neocortex, and yet he survived the injury”. Phineas Gage lost part of his Neocortex because of an accident in the Industry.

13. Animal propensities

Answer Location: Paragraph 7, 4th Line.  
Explanation:The line depicts that, “Gage's animal tendencies became more pronounced, and he began making increasingly crude jokes.”  Here, tendencies means propensities. After his accident, Gage's coworkers noticed a difference between animal propensities and how he thought.

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Conclusion

To summarize, mastering the IELTS Reading test involves a combination of successful tactics, persistent practice, and confidence. You may quickly and accurately explore the chapters by establishing strong skimming and scanning methods, growing your vocabulary, and becoming familiar with various questions. Identify and manage your time effectively, remain calm under pressure, and systematically address each question. Yocket's extensive study materials and professional assistance may provide additional support and tools to help you succeed in your IELTS. With effort and the correct resources, you may confidently take the IELTS Reading exam and attain your goal score. Visit Yocket today and take your IELTS preparation to the next level.

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