IELTS Exam Syllabus & Pattern 2021: Everything You Need to Know About IELTS Syllabus & Pattern Image
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IELTS Exam Syllabus & Pattern 2021: Everything You Need to Know About IELTS Syllabus & Pattern

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Yocket Editorial Team
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IELTS is an interesting English language proficiency test that qualifies you to travel abroad for study, work or migration. If you are attending college abroad, you will have to take the IELTS Academic test. Whereas, working professionals and immigrants write the IELTS General Training test. The motto of the IELTS test is to ensure that you are capable of understanding and communicating in English. IELTS acts as a language test and a life skill. In addition to that, the test is altered based on the situation that you will be required to use. Hence, having a thorough understanding of the IELTS exam syllabus and pattern is an absolute must.

What is the IELTS Paper Pattern that Students Must Know About?

IELTS is an interesting English language proficiency test that qualifies you to travel abroad for study, work or migration. If you are attending college abroad, you will have to take the IELTS Academic test. Whereas, working professionals and immigrants write the IELTS General Training test. The motto of the IELTS test is to ensure that you are capable of understanding and communicating in English. IELTS acts as a language test and a life skill. In addition to that, the test is altered based on the situation that you will be required to use. Hence, having a thorough understanding of the IELTS exam syllabus and pattern is an absolute must.

What is the IELTS Paper Pattern that Students Must Know About?

The IELTS exam pattern includes 4 main sections. Each section has different types of questions to test your English language skills.

 IELTS Academic Section

Number Of Questions

 IELTS Listening

40

 IELTS Reading

40

IELTS Writing

2

IELTS Speaking

Vary

What is the IELTS Academic Syllabus & How to Prepare for it?

As a study abroad aspirant, one pressing question you will have is, “What exactly do I prepare for the IELTS exam and is there a fixed IELTS exam syllabus 2021, I can refer to?”

The answer to this question lies in acquiring skills more than references to study. Reason being, IELTS Academic does not have a predefined syllabus. What it does have is an expectation from you to acquire a skill set that will help you display your English language prowess, both during the exam and in the university, you get admitted to for pursuing a course of your choice.

Therefore, it is of paramount importance that you acquaint yourself with each section and the criteria of testing for the same –

What is the IELTS Academic Exam Pattern for Listening Test?

Time

30 minutes

Number of questions

40

Marks per question

1

Everything you need to know about IELTS Listening Test pattern is here

Moving on to the syllabus now -

What is the Syllabus for the IELTS Listening Test?

The IELTS Listening section ensures that you are capable of understanding English phrases in particular.

Based on your exam type, you’re required to hear the audios and answer questions. So, there is no predefined syllabus as such but a range of listening skills you are expected to master. Foremost among them are your ability to listen to 4 recordings or audios -

Four of your audios are monologues and dialogues. So, listen carefully. Develop a habit of listening and understanding various accents and dialects. One of the good ways to do it is by watching movies of the cross-cultural genre.

Listen to these 4 audios for understanding the IELTS Syllabus better!

Practice Audio 1

Practice Audio 2

Practice Audio 3

Practice Audio 4

A Note about the IELTS Answer Sheet

After you listen to the recordings, you will have to answer 40 questions based on them. The answers need to be transferred within 10 minutes after taking the test to the sheet that looks similar to the one below.

Since you are acquainted with the pattern and syllabus for IELTS Listening test, you MUST stay aware of some effective tips and tricks for preparation -

Tips & Tricks for Preparing for the IELTS Listening Test

  • You get to hear the audio ONLY ONCE. So, pay attention!

  • It is suggested that you have a glance at all the questions asked before you head to listening to the audios.

  • As for the test, you are given 10 minutes to transfer your answers into the answer script in case of the IELTS paper-delivered test.

  • You can write your answers for the IELTS listening section in British-English or American-English. Although, you must stick to one style and maintain the same throughout.

  • Spellings are important. An error in writing or spelling mistakes are penalized. 

  • If you have run your eyes on the questions, simple datelines, names, setting-based questions are easy to be picked upon.

  • As you listen to the audio, take quick notes or make easy-to-understand mind-maps that remind you of the necessary details. This should help you ease your IELTS exam timing.   

Next, let us move on the IELTS Reading test -

What is the IELTS Academic Exam Pattern for the Reading Test?

Time

60 minutes

Number of questions

40

Marks per question

1

Everything you need to know about IELTS Reading Test pattern is here

Moving on to the syllabus now -

What is the Syllabus for the IELTS Reading Test?

The IELTS Reading section has questions of reading comprehension to test you. You are given passages to read and answer questions based on them.

The academic IELTS Reading section has three long passages. These could be descriptive, factual, discursive or analytical. Each of these passages are picked out of books, magazines, journals and newspapers. The IELTS academic Reading passages are apt for students entering a university or any educational program. While there is no fixed syllabus for this section, you are most certainly expected to develop a habit of voracious reading, understanding, interpreting,  gauging essays and building a good span of attention.

IELTS Reading Practice Questions

The best way to understand the IELTS Reading paper is by going through it systematically yourself. So refer to the paper below for decent clarity.

IELTS Reading Sample

Since you are acquainted with the pattern and syllabus for IELTS Reading test, you MUST stay aware of some effective tips and tricks for preparation -

Tips & Tricks for Preparing for the IELTS Reading Test

  • You can write your answers for the IELTS Reading section in British-English or American-English. Although, you must stick to one style and maintain the same throughout.

  • Spellings are important. An error in writing or spelling mistakes are penalized. 

  • Stick to answering the Reading questions with as many words as asked.

  • In the IELTS Reading section, expect questions with charts, diagrams, sentence correction, MCQs, etc. 

  • Do not make spelling mistakes.

  • Recheck the essays when in doubt.

  • Don’t misread the questions in haste.

  • Write clearly.

  • Don’t exceed the word limit (whenever mentioned) or write multiple answers.

Taking our discussion further, let’s explore what’s in the IELTS Writing section -

What is the IELTS Academic Exam Pattern for the Writing Test?

Time

60 minutes

Number of tasks

2

Marks per question

The total marks tally counts here. Total marks are based on calculating averages for tasks 1& 2. Marks allocated for task 2 are more than that of task 1.

Everything you need to know about IELTS Writing Test pattern is here

What are the two tasks of the IELTS Writing section?

Task 1

You will be asked to describe a process, chart, graph, situation or diagram.

For example: Describe the diagram below in about 150 words:

Task 2

You will have to write an essay on a particular topic. You will have to collect your thoughts, organize and write a good quality essay.

For example: Write an essay on the ‘Shortage of water in about 250 words.’

Moving on to the syllabus now -

What is the Syllabus for the IELTS Writing Test?

The IELTS Writing task certifies your English writing proficiency.

Your expertise in English is clearly displayed when you’re able to deliver a message perfectly on paper. Therefore, you are expected to excel in the areas of presenting ideas, facts, assumptions, and arguments in a clear understandable manner.

Don’t get overwhelmed by the IELTS Writing Test.  Just prepare for it well -

Tips & Tricks for Preparing for the IELTS Writing Test

  • Brushing up on your grammar before taking the IELTS Writing test will help you write correctly. You will be able to compose proper, complete and crisp sentences.

  • Practice your essay writing skills. Learn to polish your writing with idioms, quotes, etc making your essay an interesting read.

  • We all are spoiled with auto-correct. With auto-correct constantly fixing our spelling mistakes, it wouldn’t be surprising if most of you find it difficult to remember the spellings of the most commonly used words too. Hence, work on your spellings. Use Yocket Flashcards and expand your vocabulary. 

  • Lengthy sentences or redundant words make your essay difficult to read and understand. Write crisp bite-sized sentences which are easy to understand.

  • A good essay has an introduction, body and conclusion. Make sure to include all three parts in your essay.  Try taking an IELTS Writing practice test to assess your writing skills and prepare.

Finally, arriving at the last section of IELTS -

What is the IELTS Academic Exam Pattern for the Reading Test?

Time

11-14  minutes

Number of parts

3

Marks per question

Performance based assessment

Everything you need to know about IELTS Speaking Test pattern is here

Understanding the Three Parts Of The IELTS Speaking Test 

Moving on to the syllabus now -

What is the Syllabus for the IELTS Speaking Test?

The IELTS Speaking test certifies your spoken English proficiency.

You need to speak in English for the IELTS Speaking test. To prepare for the IELTS Speaking test practice speaking in English with your peers. In the actual exam, you will be face-to-face with an actual examiner. So, you will also be required to develop amazing confidence and self esteem to perform in real time to the best of your ability.

Let us understand the preparation techniques for mastering this section-

Tips & Tricks for Preparing for the IELTS Speaking Test

  • Practice speaking on various topics.

  • Prepare yourself with a well-rounded introduction.

  • Speak confidently on issues.

  • Politely pose your opinions.

  • Introduce yourself

  • Speak about your family, friends, passions and more.

  • Work: Define your occupation, your role and your work-life.

  • Goals and aspirations: Express your life goals, ambitions and aspirations.

  • Describe a piece of art/book/movie etc

  • What is your usual day like?

  • What’s your opinion about clothing?

  • Should employees be encouraged to wear uniforms? Or identity tags?

  • Talk about your favorite ad/marketing campaign that grabbed your attention.

  • Discuss your views and express yourself well.  To get a fair idea about the IELTS Speaking section, have a peek at the IELTS practice questions.  

The good news about the IELTS test is that you can prepare yourself for the test without going to any coaching classes. All you need to do is thoroughly understand the IELTS syllabus and each of its sections. Read about the IELTS Reading, IELTS Writing, IELTS Listening and IELTS Speaking sections to get a clear picture of the same.

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