Study Destination

Germany vs Other Countries : Comparing Education in Germany With USA, UK, Canada, Australia & New Zealand

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Rohan Deshmukh
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Studying abroad is an experience of a lifetime for most students. Studying in a different country opens up an array of opportunities and gives students the chance of exploring a culture completely different from their own. However, many students find themselves stuck when it comes to selecting a study destination. The USA, UK, Germany, Canada, Australia and New Zealand are some of the most popular destinations catering to thousands of international students every year.  So, let us look into what it's like to study in each of these countries, to help you choose the right study destination!

each of these countries, to help you choose the right study destination!

Table of Contents

Comparing Education System of Germany With Other Countries

Let us start by comparing the system of education in Germany vs US, UK, Canada, Australia & NewZealand.

Germany

There are 3 types of universities in Germany - Universities, University of Applied Sciences, University of Music and Art. Students can avail free education at public institutions up to the university level. This is the biggest selling point for Germany and makes it different from all the other countries.

USA

The USA has some of the best universities for any course. It is home to maximum international students and provides the choice to choose from a wide range of courses for all the levels of study. US Universities are categorized as Ivy League universities , public ivies, Liberal arts philosophy colleges, specialist institutions, Land grant colleges, and Research Universities.

UK

The British education system is globally recognised for its teaching excellence. Its Quality Assurance Agency (QAA) assesses colleges, identifies the best education standards and provides feedback wherever necessary. The British higher education system has 5 stages - early years, primary years, secondary education, further education and higher education.

Canada

Canada is popular among students for its affordability and the range of courses offered. Higher education is provided by Canadian universities, community colleges and technical, applied arts or applied science schools. There are hundreds of public and private institutions which deliver excellent education quality.

Australia

Australia is popular for providing unparalleled quality of education. The implementation of Australian Qualification Framework (AQF) specifies the  standards of qualification. Under AQF, there are 10 levels that interconnect various educational institutions under one national system. Universities in Australia  (public and private) provide the highest level of education.

 New Zealand

New Zealand has recently started gaining popularity among students for its quality of education. Universities in New Zealand are typically of three types - state owned universities, institute of technology and polytechnics and private training establishments or PTEs. 

Suggested: Australia as a higher education destination 

Top Courses & Universities in Germany Vs Other Countries

Top universities and courses offered are important deciding factors for most students. Here’s a look at top universities and courses offered for study in Germany vs USA, UK , Canada, Australia and New Zealand.

Country

Top 3 Universities  (QS Rank 2022)

Top 3 Courses

Germany

Technical University of Munich  (#50)

Ruprecht-Karls-University of Heidelberg (#63)

Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munchen (#64)

Engineering

Business Management

Humanities

USA

Harvard University (#1)

Stanford University (#2)

MIT  (#3)

Business Management

Engineering

Maths & Computer Science

UK

Oxford University (#5)

Cambridge University (#7)

Imperial College London (#8)

Business studies

Accounting and Finance

Economics

Canada

University of Toronto (#25)

McGill University (#31)

University of British Columbia (#45)

MBA

Computer Science and IT

Business and finance

Australia

Australian National University (#31)

University of Sydney (#40)

University of Melbourne (#41)

Accountancy

Actuarial science

Agricultural sciences

New Zealand

University of Auckland (#85)

University of Otago (#175)

Victoria University of wellington (#221)

Business

Engineering

Tourism

Germany Vs Other Countries: Admission Requirements

Let us take a quick look at admission requirements for each of these countries:

Germany Admission Requirements:

Undergraduate/ Bachelor’s Degree

Masters Degree

Language requirements (IELTS/ TOEFL - English, TestDAF - German)

Completed school education till class 12th and either cleared JEE advanced, one year bachelor degree or cleared Feststellungsprüfung.

Language requirements (IELTS/ TOEFL - English, TestDAF - German)

Recognised bachelor's degree of 3 or 4 years.

Entrance exams if any

USA Admission Requirements:

Undergraduate/ Bachelor’s Degree

Masters Degree

Completed 12 years of schooling

 SAT/ ACT exam

English language proficiency (IELTS/ TOEFL, etc)

Minimum GPA 2.50 to 3.60, or equivalent

16 years of education (12 years schooling + 4 years undergraduate studies)

English language proficiency (IELTS/ TOEFL, etc)

GMAT/ GRE if necessary

Minimum GPA 3.00 to 3.25, or equivalent

UK Admission Requirements:

Undergraduate/ Bachelor’s Degree

Masters Degree

Two A levels at grade E or above

Higher secondary school certificates

English language proficiency tests (IELTS/ TOEFL etc)

Bachelor's degree of 3 or 4 years.

1 or 2:2 bachelor's degree in a field related to the program to which you are applying

2:1 (upper second class) is equivalent to 75%

 2:2 (lower second class) is equivalent to 60%

English language proficiency (IELTS/ TOEFL etc)

GMAT/ GRE  if necessary

Canada Admission Requirements:

Undergraduate/ Bachelor’s Degree

Masters Degree

Completed 12 years of schooling.

SAT exam

English language proficiency tests (IELTS/ TOEFL etc)

16 years of education (12 years schooling + 4 years undergraduate studies)

Bachelor's degree with minimum GPA 3.0

English language proficiency tests (IELTS/ TOEFL etc)

Australia & New Zealand Admission Requirements:

Undergraduate/ Bachelor’s Degree

Masters Degree

12 years of schooling

English language proficiency tests (IELTS/ TOEFL etc)

Bachelor's degree of 3 or 4 years

GMAT/ GRE  if necessary

English language proficiency tests (IELTS/ TOEFL etc)

As Indian students you must remember that most bachelor's degrees provided in India are of three years. So if you are looking to study in Canada or USA, you will have to complete a masters degree of 2 years. If you do not wish to do that, you may choose Germany, UK, Australia, New Zealand which do not require 16 years of formal education.

In this case, between education in Germany vs US or study in Germany vs Canada, Germany can be a  better option.

Comparing Total Cost of Studying in Germany And  Other Countries

Cost of studying includes tuition fees, other administrative fees like semester and exam fees etc. Take a look at the table below to understand the cost of studying in each country.

In terms of cost of studying, Germany is definitely a winner here providing the lowest cost of studying suitable for students from all financial backgrounds.

Comparing Living Cost in Germany And  Other Countries

Cost of living includes the expenditure on food, travel, lifestyle, etc. the cost of living may vary based on a lot of factors like location, personal lifestyle, etc.  Here is a comparison of average monthly cost of living in all the countries.

Availability of Scholarships in Germany And Other Countries

Scholarships are a great way for international students to finance their studies and all these countries discussed here offer several scholarships to students.   Here is a quick  look at the most popular scholarships offered in each country.

Country

Popular Scholarships for International Students

Germany

DAAD Scholarships

Heinrich Böll Foundation Scholarships

Erasmus Scholarship Programs

USA

Fulbright foreign students program

#YouAreWelcomeHere Scholarship

Rotary Peace Fellowship

UK

British chevening scholarships

Commonwealth scholarships

Marshall Scholarships

Canada

Government of Canada International Scholarships Program

Vanier Canada Graduate Scholarships

Australia

Australia Awards Scholarship

Macquarie Vice-Chancellor’s International Scholarships

New Zealand

New Zealand Government Scholarships

Apart from those mentioned above,various universities in these countries also offer several scholarships to students

Part time work and Internships Opportunities in Germany And Other Countries

Part time jobs are a great way of getting extra income in a foreign country for international students. Some part-time job opportunities and average income earned in these countries are:

Country

Part Time Job Profile

Average Income (per month)

Germany

Academic Assistants

Waiter/Waitress

Bartender

Cashier

EUR 450

USA

Campus ambassador

Barista

Academic assistant

USD 2209

UK

Helper at retailer shop

Cashier

Delivery person

GBP 2000

Canada

Bookkeeper

Sales assistant

Customer service assistant

CAD 2933

Australia

Tutor

Driver

Authorised agent

AUD 1200

New Zealand

Retail sales assistant

Seasonal workers

Kitchenhand

NZD 20.00 per hour 

Germany Vs Other Countries: Job Opportunities and PR 

Job Opportunities

It is important to look for a country which gives you a high ROI. In terms of job opportunities for international students, the USA is the winner. However, the cost of studying and living in the USA is also equally high. On the other hand, Australia or Canada could provide better opportunities if you are looking for a more cost effective option.

Take a look at the popular employment sectors and the average annual income:

Country

Employment Sector

Average Income

Germany

Health

Mechanical and automotive

IT

Constructions

EUR 45,000

USA

Management

Finance

Advertising/Media

Data science & IT

Health

USD 50,000

UK

Management

Mechanical Engineering

Aircraft pilots

Nurses

GBS 30,000

Canada

Nurses

Program Analyst

Teachers

Pharmacist 

CAD 51,711

Australia

Education sector

Health sector

Hospitality

 Accounting

AUD 62,322

New Zealand

Professional Services

ICT

Automotive Industry

Construction Industry

NZD 55,000

Permanent Residency

Many students wish to get a PR after studying in a particular country. Let us take a comparative look at the PR process for US, UK, Australia, New Zealand and Canada vs Germany for international students- 

PR in Germany

  • You can apply for a permanent visa if you are living in Germany for 5 years on a residence permit.
  • Eligible for a German citizenship after living in Germany for 8 years or marrying a German citizen.

PR in USA

  • Long and slow process.
  • You will be granted a ‘Green card’ if you reside in the USA for at least 5 years on the ground of employment.

PR in UK

  • Can be very difficult because of recent changes in government and legal policies.
  • Secure an indefinite leave to remain (ILR) visa to stay in the UK. The IRL can be obtained when a student completes 5 years of a graduate job.
  • In most cases, if you are on a student or work visa, you will be required to leave the country.

PR in Canada

  • Is easy when compared to other countries.
  • Students can apply for a PR under the Canadian Experience class during their post study work permit.

PR in Australia

  • Long and complicated process.
  • A thorough background check is conducted on the candidate by immigration officials to make sure he/she is not fraudulent.

PR in New Zealand

  • Can be somewhat challenging.
  • Students can apply for a PR if they have a job in New Zealand, are less than 55 years of age and possess good command over english.

Student Visa Process in Germany and Other Countries

Let us now compare the Visa process in these countries:

Germany Student Visa

  • Students wanting to stay in Germany for more than 90 days, must get a residence permit.
  • Show proof of funds worth worth €10,332 per year
  • Students can work part time under the student visa.

USA Student Visa

  • A personal interview is conducted and you will be asked to provide your biometrics.
  • You can remain in the US for up to 90 days beyond the length of time it takes to complete your academic program.
  • You are not allowed to work part time for more than 20 hours per week and 40 hours per week on holidays.

UK Student Visa

  • Granted only for a full-time study program
  • For a diploma course, visa can be for up to 3 years and for a university degree, 4 years
  • You may or may not be allowed to work part-time during your studies, it depends on individual cases.

Canada Student Visa

  • Requires a compulsory medical test for Indian applicants.
  • It costs $150 to apply for this visa.
  • You cannot work more than 20 hours per week. During holidays, the student may work up to 40 hours per week.

Australia Student Visa

  • Students must either have Overseas Student Health Cover (OSHC) or come under exemption categories
  • Student visa holders are allowed to work up to 40 hours per fortnight during their study in Australia.

New Zealand Student Visa

  • Show proof of funds : NZD 15,000 per year
  • Work part-time up to 20 hours a week while studying or full-time in the holidays, depending on your visa conditions.

Germany Vs Other Countries: Student Life

You will get an idea of what your life foreign country would look like after getting an overview about student life in each of the following countries.

Germany

  • Has a rich cultural heritage, so you have various museums and art galleries to explore.
  • You can attend Oktoberfest and enjoy Beer.
  • Germans tend to be very punctual, straightforward and clear communicators who value each other’s time and personal space. They expect you to be the same.
  • You can indulge in various fun activities including nightlife and visiting other European countries.

USA

  • Experience cultural diversity and meet people from different parts of the world.
  • Participate in various activities like sports, art, music, etc.
  • Be a part of various American holidays and traditions.
  • Americans value independence and equality. Most Americans are friendly and informal when it comes to behaviour.

UK

  • Vibrant performing arts heritage. You will find many places with live music in the UK- from pop to opera.
  • You can visit various clubs, cinema halls, contemporary art spaces, museums and galleries.
  • Explore the outdoors- mountains of Scotland and Wales, the rolling hills of England and Northern Ireland, the Lake District and the Yorkshire moors, etc.!

Canada

  • Various fun activities like going out in pubs, cafes and clubs; travelling to places around Canada in your study breaks etc.
  • Culture is influenced by the traditions of British and French. Canadians are fans of professional sports, Hockey being the most popular.
  • Most cities host numerous sporting events, theatrical productions, and musical performances.

Australia

  • Australians are very friendly. The spirit of Australian culture emphasizes equality and living a life of contentment.
  • Explore the picturesque landscapes.
  • Indulge in fun & adventure activities like Snorkeling, scuba diving, bungee jumping, skydiving, camel riding, etc.
  • Attend various events and festivals.

New Zealand

  • Offers stunning views and landscapes.
  • Very friendly and helpful people.
  • Diversity in terms of people, food, culture and tradition.
  • Attend a popular student event in New Zealand - SchoolFest which brings all the best theatre, dance, music, literature, visual and cultural arts from around the world.
  • Enjoy rugby matches and adventurous sports.

Germany Vs Other Countries: Climate, Safety & Healthcare

While deciding to study in Germany vs Canada, US, UK, New Zealand or Australia, students also look out for factors as well. Let us compare these factors-

Climate

  • In Germany, summers are hot and the winters are cold and snowy. Rains are unpredictable and common during all seasons.
  • The climate in the USA varies with the region. The East Coast has a warm climate, the Midwest & New England have frozen winters, the Pacific Northwest has a humid oceanic climate. The Southwest has a hot desert climate , the south-east has a warm to the hot, humid climate.
  • In the UK, summers are warm and winters see snowfall. Summers are cooler than those of India.
  • Weather in Canada varies widely depending on where you are. In Toronto, winter is milder than most Canadian cities, yet still cold and snowy. Usually, the country experiences pleasantly cool summers
  • Being in the Southern hemisphere, Australia  experiences a very pleasant climate throughout the year.
  • NewZealand experiences a temperate climate. This means mild temperatures, moderately high rainfall all year round.

Safety

New Zealand and Canada are the safest for international students. Australia and Germany are also considered quite safe for students. USA & UK also have a high level of safety.

Healthcare

Germany, US, UK, Canada, New Zealand & Australia require students to have mandatory health insurance. This insurance takes care of all the health related emergencies that a student may face.

 

Frequently Asked Questions About Studying in Germany Vs Other Countries

Which is better - Germany vs Canada for international students?

Germany or UK which is better for study?

Germany vs Australia for international students?

Which one to choose among study in Germany vs USA?

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