Bachelors in Engineering in Canada vs USA
Canada and USA are the two top countries for international students to study abroad. They have most of the best global universities for engineering. But, which countries out of these two is better for engineering?
In general, engineering specializations include Mechanical, Electrical, Computer, Mining, Chemical, Civil, etc. It comes as no surprise that, according to ranks, Massachusetts Institute of Technology stands first for almost all engineering specializations. It is MIT! It is, however, very difficult to get into, but that depends on your profile. There are a lot of Canadian colleges and universities that offer engineering programs and are highly ranked for them as well. For example, McGill University, University of Toronto, University of British Columbia, etc.
There are a few very significant differences between Canadian and American universities. This article will help you understand these differences.
1. Academics and Application Requirements
Starting with the basics, a lot of Canadian Universities and programs do not require you to submit a SAT score. They focus on your overall academic profile in high school. This means that you need to have amazing academics (85% and above at least) to get into a prestigious Canadian University.
American universities, on the other hand, focus on your SAT scores as well as your academics.
Both countries require English Language Proficiency Tests though (TOEFL, IELTS, or PTE).
Course wise, Canadian Universities tend to be more inclined towards research and academics. Universities in USA have a tendency to incorporate extracurriculars in the form of electives like Psychology 101, Photography, Sports, etc in their degrees and help in the overall improvement of a student. Therefore, it comes down to personal choice for a students between the two.
3. Cost of studying
The cost of studying in USA vs Canada isn’t all that different. It will cost you upto $40,000 for a year in both countries. Scholarships, however, will vary. The Canadian Government provides a lot of grants and scholarships to international students, which is not the case in USA. However, there are a lot of external scholarships available for US universities, which make paying for your education slightly easier.
4. Job Opportunities
Engineering is a highly sought after field all over the world. It is a common myth that Canada has fewer resources than America. There are plenty of opportunities in Canada as well. As a matter of fact, it is easier to get a permanent residency permit in Canada, because the government welcomes highly qualified individuals. Engineering jobs are plenty in both places. In USA, STEM courses are given an extended stay period for OPT(Optional Practical Training).
5. Work Permits
In Canada, work permits are not job specific. This means that an individual can apply for a work permit irrespective of his job. On the other hand, in USA, your H1-B visa is to be funded by your employer. This means that everytime you change jobs, you need to apply for an H1-B visa from that employer. This is not the case in Canada. Once you have a work permit, you can work in any company and also change jobs, as long as your work permit is valid.
6. Co-op Opportunities
For those who don’t know, a co-op term is a term included in your degree wherein you don’t study. Instead, they work for a few months as interns or other entry level jobs. Co-ops are a great way to gain experience in the field of your choice as well as earn some money to help pay for your education. Almost all Canadian Engineering programs have co-op terms and students are encouraged to take up this term. Some universities in USA do have co-op terms, but not all of them.
Some universities also give you opportunities to study abroad. This means that, as an international student or any student who is enrolled in XYZ university, you can study one semester in another country where XYZ university has a campus. This helps in having more global exposure and helping overall development. You can check your university’s curriculum to check the eligibility requirements.