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How to Write an SOP for MS/Doctoral/PhD in Economics?

Yocket Editorial Team

Are you applying for a Masters/ Doctoral program in Economics? In that case, chances are you must have recognized the pivotal role that certain documents play in the admissions process. Some of these include your transcripts, letters of recommendation, and resume, which carry substantial weight and are closely assessed by the admissions committee. But do you know what else can make or break your admission? 

It’s the Statement of Purpose!

The Statement of Purpose (SOP) can distinguish your application from a competitive pool of candidates and elevate your prospects of securing admission to a Master, or Doctoral program in Economics. Its significance is paramount. When writing an SOP for Economics, make sure to include your area of interest, the tools you are familiar with, your project experiences, and how the selected university’s course and department align with your career/ research objectives.

A well-drafted SOP is a strategic asset that includes your aspirations, academic journey, your goals, and the distinct value you bring to the academic community. This is why Yocket houses experts, who have reviewed over 10,000 SOPs and helped students secure admission to hundreds of top universities across the world.

Join Yocket Premium today to get a stellar SOP

Now, read this blog till the end to get all the answers to the question - “How to Write an SOP for MS/Doctoral/PhD in Economics?”

Table of Contents

Brainstorming, free-writing, and collecting your thoughts are the beginning of any writing task. Your SOP should walk the admission committee through all the relevant life experiences, academic and professional background (if applicable), career goals, co-curricular activities, volunteering/community involvement, and more. 

Therefore, make sure to refer to the following guidelines to draft a stellar sample SOP for a master's in Economics program.

Also read: What is an SOP?


Try to answer the following questions:

What pushed you to choose Economics or finance as your interest? What is the most robust experience that led you to choose this field? 

It could be something like - you read a news article on a new government policy affecting your favorite commodity that stated several economic factors backing it up. That made you wonder how certain economic factors affect government policies and the price of commodities, and vice-versa. Thus, your curiosity led you to research and soon became a passion for Economics.

Once you’ve decided upon these, begin drafting your SOP. While writing,

  • Begin your introduction with an attention-grabbing experience evocating your journey into the field. 
  • Alternatively, you can begin with a research problem statement you consider exploring in your MSc/Masters/Doctoral/PhD program. 
  • Some programs directly seek an SOP that is more of a research proposal than otherwise.

For example, Harvard University has an excellent guide to drafting a statement of purpose. It provides a step-by-step process, while also giving numerous prompts that will help you. These prompts usually focus on directing you on how to write about experiences that shaped your research mindset. Therefore, your SOP can start with a relevant anecdote that gave your research interest a direction and motivated you to pursue a career in Economics. Once completed, you’re ready to move to the second paragraph.

Second Paragraph

In this part, you can discuss the relevant academic and life experiences that have strengthened your interest and motivation to pursue a higher education in Economics. 

  • Discuss relevant undergraduate experiences or courses in which you have developed a particular interest. For example, you must have developed an interest in economic statistics to choose this subject. 
  • Touch upon a few course specifics and how these led you to develop your portfolio and inspired you to work on projects relevant to this interest. 
  • You can discuss interesting research or projects you worked on or relevant co-curricular experiences worth sharing. Ensure your experiences align with your interest in the Economics program you’re applying for.

For instance, if you are applying for a Ph.D. in Economics, with prior experience and a project on rural economy, make sure to present tangible outcomes. This can be something like portraying the effects of inflation on wealth distribution among different sections of a rural area. This stands as a relevant project experience, which you can illustrate in the SOP for admission to a Ph.D. in Economics.

Now that you’re figuring out how to draft an SOP, why don’t you filter some universities for an advanced degree in Economics? Check out Yocket College Finder to find your fit. We promise it’ll take only a few minutes. 

Third Paragraph

Coming to the third paragraph, let’s ponder for a bit. Our life includes various challenges and failures, doesn’t it? Sometimes, things happen to us which could not have been avoided, no matter what. Now think, have you faced any setbacks in your academics? If you end up getting low grades, this is where you discuss them. 

Remember, your GPA does not define you. Yes, it is a crucial part of the admission process. Yes, high GPAs have huge advantages. But, if you can explain why you had lesser scores, what led to them, and how you actively took the responsibility of fixing them, the admission committee will highly appreciate it. 

Here, you discuss 

  • Have you faced any unique challenges or setbacks that have redefined your perspectives or interests? 
  • How did you overcome these challenges, and what is/are the positive outcomes of these experiences? 
  • Reflecting on the lessons from these experiences is essential to underscore your resilience.

Fourth Paragraph

In the fourth paragraph, you can discuss all your extracurricular activities. Remember that Universities are interested to know more than just academics. So, go ahead and speak about your hobbies, social work, volunteering, etc., here. You can also discuss workshops or certifications you have taken to upgrade your skills. However, it’s imperative not to make a sample SOP for undergraduate Ph.D. or graduate Economics an embellished version of your resume.

Click here to find the Top 25 Universities in the World

Fifth Paragraph

Work experience, though not mandatory, is an effective way to demonstrate your competence to the admission committee. It can provide evidence of your abilities, skills, and capacity to apply your knowledge in a practical setting. That is what you add in this paragraph. But if you do not have full-time work experience, you can also discuss your internship experiences, specific learnings, and take-aways. Identify a knowledge gap and the need for you to go for a Master's/Ph.D. in Economics. Ask yourself the questions -  How has the work experience/s influenced your career goals? Why do you wish for an MSc/Masters/Doctoral/PhD now? Additionally,

  • Define your short-term and long-term goals. 
  • How will the MSc/Masters/Doctoral/PhD program from a specific Economics school help you achieve these goals? 
  • How does the program align with your areas of interest?

The best universities for Economics assess your conviction in applying to their programs. Justify your reasons for the choice of the school and the program. Try to understand the school's values and devise this paragraph accordingly.

Suggested: Masters in Economics Abroad


One of the best ways to write a cohesive SOP is to have a conclusion that is as good as the introductory paragraph. Follow these guidelines to write one.

  • What capabilities equip you to contribute to the University?
  • How can you be an asset to the University?
  • What activities, clubs, sports, student associations, groups, etc., piqued your interest?
  • What diverse experiences do you bring to your future graduate community?

End the SOP with your expectations from the program and how you look forward to receiving, assimilating, and contributing to new knowledge at the University.

Your SOP can be the reason behind your acceptance or rejection to your dream university. Join the Premium cohort to get 1:1 personalized guidance for your study abroad journey!

Do’s and Don'ts of Writing a Statement of Purpose Economics 

We’ve already discussed the do’s of writing a Statement of Purpose in Economics, but what about the don’ts?

Well, there are plenty. Remember that a Statement of Purpose (SOP) in Economics is a critical part of your application for graduate programs or research positions. Avoiding common mistakes or "don'ts" is as important as following the "do's" to create a compelling SOP. Here are some key things to avoid:

Irrelevant Information: Don't include irrelevant details about your personal life, hobbies, or experiences that are not directly related to your academic or career goals. Keep your SOP focused on your academic and professional journey.

Generic Statements: Avoid making broad, generic statements about your interest in Economics. Instead, provide specific examples of what interests you, such as particular subfields or research questions.

Plagiarism: Never copy SOPs from online sources or other applicants. Plagiarism can lead to immediate rejection and damage your academic reputation.

False Information: Be truthful in your SOP. Don't exaggerate your achievements, skills, or experiences. Admissions committees value honesty.

Lack of Clarity and Structure: Don't write in a disorganized or haphazard manner. Your SOP should have a clear and logical structure with an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion. Use transition sentences to guide the reader.

Failure to Address Weaknesses: If you have academic or professional weaknesses (e.g., a lower GPA), it's often advisable to address them briefly and explain how you've overcome or learned from them.

Failure to Tailor to the Program: Don't use a generic SOP for all the programs you apply to. Each SOP should be tailored to the specific program and highlight how it aligns with your goals and interests.

Lack of Proofreading: Avoid submitting an SOP with grammar or spelling errors. Carefully proofread your statement, and consider having someone else review it as well.

Remember that a Statement of Purpose is your opportunity to make a compelling case for why you are an ideal candidate for the program. Take your time to craft a thoughtful and well-structured statement that reflects your genuine passion for Economics and your potential contributions to the field.

Also read: Top Letter of Recommendation Samples for Masters

Top Universities for Economics

The choice of the top universities for economics can vary depending on specific criteria, such as location, program offerings, faculty expertise, and research opportunities. However, several universities consistently rank among the top for economics worldwide, with various tuition fee structures. 

Many doctoral programs in the USA, especially in fields like economics, are often fully funded through assistantships or fellowships. However, master's programs, especially those at top universities, typically come with tuition costs. These costs can vary significantly between universities and may also depend on the specific master's program within the university. Here's a general idea of what to expect for master's program tuition fees at some of the top universities for economics:

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Harvard University: Located in the United States, Harvard consistently ranks among the top universities for economics due to its renowned faculty and research opportunities. Tuition for master's programs at Harvard can vary by program. For the 2024 academic year, it may range from approximately $45,000 (INR 3,735,000) to $60,000 (INR 4,980,000), depending on the specific program. 

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT): Massachusetts Institute of Technology is known for its strong emphasis on economics and its connection to various research centers. MIT's master's program in economics, such as the Master of Science in Economics, generally has tuition fees for the 2024 academic year ranging from approximately $53,450 (INR 4,436,350) to $61,920 (INR 5,139,360).

Stanford University: Stanford's economics department is highly regarded for its research and academic programs. Stanford's master's programs, like the Master of Arts in Economics, can have tuition fees in the range of $50,000 (INR 4,150,00) or more.

Princeton University: Princeton University offers a distinguished economics program with an emphasis on research and theoretical economics. Princeton University offers a Master in Public Affairs (MPA) program with tuition that can vary but generally falls within the range of $55,000 (INR 4,565,000) to $60,000 (INR 4,989,000).

University of Chicago: The University of Chicago is famous for its rigorous approach to economics and has produced many Nobel laureates in the field. Tuition for master's programs at the University of Chicago is approximately $72,000 (INR 5,976,000).

London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE): London School of Economics is one of the top schools for economics in the United Kingdom and Europe. It's known for its social sciences research. LSE offers various master's programs in economics, with tuition fees for international students ranging from approximately £19,584 (INR 1,974,350) to £28,752 (INR 2,903,952) for the 2024 academic year.

University of Oxford: The University of Oxford, located in the United Kingdom, offers a strong economics program and is known for its contributions to the field. Tuition fees for master's programs at the University of Oxford vary by program and nationality. For international students, they can range from approximately £24,000 (INR 2,424,000) to £37,000 (INR 3,737,000) or more.

University of Cambridge: Another prestigious institution in the United Kingdom, the University of Cambridge offers a variety of economics programs and research opportunities. Cambridge also offers various master's programs, with tuition fees varying by program and nationality. For international students, fees are £37,396 (INR 3,776,990) or higher.

University of Toronto: The University of Toronto is a prominent Canadian institution known for its economics department and research contributions. Tuition for master's programs at the University of Toronto can vary by program and residency status. For international students, it may range from approximately CAD 21,000 (INR 1,274,7000) to CAD 44,000 (INR 2,670,800) or more.

From the Desk of Yocket 

A Master's or Doctoral program in Economics is highly coveted globally, offering huge opportunities in both national and international career landscapes. Pursuing your higher education in Economics at a prestigious institution not only exposes you to invaluable experiences but also hones your analytical abilities, setting you on a trajectory for career excellence.

However, securing admission into a renowned university for a Master's in economics may be a difficult task, but it is certainly attainable. A well-crafted Statement of Purpose (SOP) is pivotal in bolstering your application, and Yocket Premium is your go-to resource for creating an SOP that distinguishes you from the competition. With personalized 1:1 counseling sessions, an expert document editor, and an easy-to-manage application tracker, Yocket Premium offers a comprehensive solution to address all your application concerns.

Frequently Asked Questions about writing an SOP for MSc/Masters/Doctoral/PhD in Economics

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