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SAT Math Syllabus & Pattern 2023: Top Prep Tips

Yocket Editorial Team

The Scholastic Aptitude Test syllabus comprises of four sections in general. The order of the sections is: Reading -> Writing -> Math -> Essay (optional). All the questions here are Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs), except some in the Math section. Most of the students lag behind in the math section or find it difficult to tackle. But do you know, it is one of the most scoring sections that can enhance your possibilities of getting into the best colleges abroad? 

If you're gearing up for the SAT Math test, it's crucial to understand what's on the menu. The SAT Math syllabus comprises various topics, and it's not as scary as it might seem.

  Table of Contents: 

  1. What Type/Level of Math is on the SAT?
  2. SAT Math Syllabus and Pattern
  3. SAT Math Topics and Questions
  4. Tips to Prepare SAT Math Questions

Practicing the kinds of problems you'll see on the SAT Math subject test is a crucial part of preparation. Don't worry, and it's not as terrifying as it appears; the SAT arithmetic test includes a variety of arithmetic topics. To increase your confidence and perform well on the test, you should practice answering various question types and become familiar with the format. So concentrate on learning these basic principles; you'll be well-equipped to handle the test.

The first question that arises here is...

What Type/Level of Math is on the SAT?  

The range of mathematical ideas tested on the SAT Math portion is broad. Algebra, geometry, and elementary trigonometry are the SAT math topics, all staples of the ninth and tenth grades, and are where we kick things off. Algebra II, higher-level geometry, and even some precalculus are just some of the more challenging topics that make an appearance on the test as it goes on. The SAT Math section is relatively easy, but it does require a firm grasp of these concepts.

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SAT Math Syllabus and Pattern

The mathematics section on the SAT is made up of two modules. Each module contains 22 questions that are to be answered in 35 minutes. The section has a total of 44 questions to be answered in 70 minutes. The subjects you'll encounter include: 


Focuses on 


Linear equations in one variable, linear equations in two variables, linear functions, systems of two linear equations in two variables, linear inequalities in one or two variables 

Advanced Math


Equivalent expressions, non-linear equations in one variable and systems of equations in two variables, non-linear functions, polynomial functions, quadratic equations 

Problem Solving and Data Analysis 

Ratios, rates, proportional relationships, and units, percentages; one-variable data: distributions and measures of centre & spread; two-variable data: models and scatter plots, evaluating mean, median, mode, standard deviation, probability, and conditional probability, inference from sample statistics and margin of error, verifying data collection methods, evaluating statistical claims: observational studies and experiments 

Geometry and Trigonometry 

Area and volume, lines, angles, and triangles, right triangles and trigonometry, circles 

To talk of SAT math rules, the entire section is divided into parts. The breakdown of both the sections is as follows:

No-Calculator Section

The first part is a no calculator test of 25 minutes. It consists of both multiple-choice and problem-solving questions. It can be summarized as below:

Time Allotted

25 minutes

Total Questions 


Multiple-Choice Questions 


Grid-in Questions 


Calculator Section

The second one is for 55 minutes where you can use a calculator. This part has 58 questions covering arithmetic, statistics, geometry, data interpretation, probability, and other problem-solving questions. It can be summarized as below:

Time Allotted

55 minutes

Total Questions 


Multiple-Choice Questions 


Grid-in Questions 


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SAT Math Topics and Questions

A brief overview of the questions that comprises the math SAT list syllabus is given below:

The mathematics section on the SAT is made up of two modules. Each module contains 22 questions that are to be answered in 35 minutes. The section has a total of 44 questions to be answered in 70 minutes. The subjects you'll encounter include: 

Heart of Algebra

The SAT math question problem types for Heart of Algebra mostly includes graphical representation of the linear functions, system of linear equations (with no solution, infinite or finite solutions), linear inequalities in two variables and their systems and so on. This is the first section that you will find in SAT math syllabus.

Types of Questions in Heart of Algebra include:

  • Create, interpret and solve linear equations, inequalities and expressions in 1 variable.
  • Building linear functions that model linear relationships between 2 quantities. 
  • Create, interpret and solve systems of single or 2 linear equalities in 2 variables. 
  • Solve linear equations (or inequalities) in 1 variable through algebra.
  • Solve 2 linear equations in 2 variables through algebra.
  • Interpretation of variables and constants in expression for linear functions.
  • Understand and analyse algebraic expressions and connections with graphical representations.

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Problem Solving and Data Analysis

The problem solving and data analysis is all about ratios, percentages and proportional reasoning to solve problems in different situations like science, social studies and other contexts. It tests the skills and command of the math that resonates in everyday life.

Types of Questions in Problem Solving and Data Analysis include:

  • Solve single and multistep problems by using ratios, rates, proportional relationships and scale drawings.
  • Single and multistep problems including percentages, measurement quantities, and unit conversion.
  • Describing the relationship variables by using scatter plots, linear, quadratic or exponential models.
  • Investigating key features of the grap through the relationship between two or more variables.
  • Derieving a comparison between linear and exponential growth.
  • Summarizing categorical data and relative frequencies to calculate conditional probability through 2- way tables. 
  • Make inferences about population parameters by referring to sample data.
  • Statistical analysis of shape, center, spread and other measures of data.

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Passport to Advanced Math

Passport to Advanced Math emphasizes on the math that is required to pursue further studies in science or economics and for career opportunities in the STEM fields of science, technology, engineering, and math. It requires familiarity with more complex equations or functions, which later is beneficial to understand calculus and advanced courses in statistics. 

Types of Questions in Passport to Advanced Math include:

  • Create a a quadratic or exponential function or equation that models a context. 
  • Determining the form of an expression
  • Zeros and factors of polynomials
  • Non-linear relationship between two variables
  • Polynomial equations (subtraction, multiplication, addition and division)
  • Isolation of a variable by rearrangement of formula or equation.
  • Solve an equation in 1 variable containing radicals or variable in the denominator of a fraction.
  •  Rewrite simple rational expressions.
  • Analyze the relationship between zeros and factors of polynomials.

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Additional Topics in Math

The SAT math syllabus also comprises six questions in Additional Topics in Math (three in the no-calculator section and three in the calculator section). It is based on topics like geometry, trigonometry, radian measure, and complex numbers. 

Types of Questions in Additional Topics in Math include:

  • Use volume formulas to solve problems
  • Solve applied problems involving right triangles by using trigonometric ratios and pythagorean theorem. 
  • Addition, subtraction, multiplication, division and simplification of complex numbers.
  • Convert between degrees and use radians to determine arc length. 
  • Application of theorems for circles to find arc lengths, angle measures, chord lengths, areas of sectors, etc. 
  • Solve problems about lines, angles and triangles and trigonometric ratios.
  • Create or use an equation in 2 variables to solve problems about circles in the coordinate plane.

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So that was all about it! If you want learn more do check our detailed guide on SAT math questions topics. Let us now have a look at how to prepare for SAT math exam:

Tips to Prepare SAT Math Questions  

Preparing for SAT Math doesn't have to be a nightmare. Here are some simple yet effective tips by Yocket Experts

  • Practice Tests: Utilise new SAT math practice tests and previous years' papers. 
  • Calculator Practice: Get comfortable with the calculator section by practicing challenging questions. 
  • Memorize Formulas: Know your formulas and problem-solving strategies. 
  • Identify Weaknesses: Focus on areas where you need improvement. 
  • Flashcards: Use SAT math flashcards for quick on-the-go practice. 
  • Fundamental Knowledge: Brush up on your high school math basics. 
  • Time Management: Practice pacing yourself since the no-calculator section can be time-consuming. 
  • Critical Sums: For challenging problems, consider SAT math calculator section practice. 
  • Time Management: Learn how to manage your time effectively during the test.

Revise thoroughly the day before your SAT exam date. Be calm and make sure to carry all necessary documents and other stuff like pencils, eraser, calculator etc. 

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By following these tips and understanding the SAT Math syllabus and topics, you can boost your chances of success on the SAT Math test.

Finally, the SAT Math covers a wide range of mathematical topics, from those introduced in the ninth and tenth grades all the way through the first year of college. You need to study all these different areas of mathematics if you want to do well in this subject. You may improve your confidence and preparation to take the SAT Math exam by establishing a solid foundation in these areas and practicing different sorts of questions. Keep in mind that you may boost your SAT score overall and on the math part if you put in the time and effort to study and organize your materials. To get regular updates about the SAT. Sign up at Yocket. Good luck!

Frequently Asked Questions About SAT Math Syllabus

What are hardest SAT math questions?

What are SAT math level 1 topics? 

What are SAT math level 2 topics?

What are SAT math rules?

What level of math is required for the SAT exam?

Does SAT have trigonometry?

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