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The Concept of Intelligence - IELTS Reading Answers

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As a part of your IELTS reading test preparation, you must know The Concept of Intelligence Reading Answers given here. This practice test contains three different question types that help you improve your overall reading skills.  

The IELTS Reading test is essential for anybody planning to study, work, or relocate to English-speaking nations. Mastery of this part necessitates strong linguistic abilities and efficient reading comprehension techniques. In this situation, understanding reading passages and correctly recognizing responses is critical. By analyzing the passage and critiquing example responses, we want to give valuable insights and tactics to assist test takers in effectively traversing this area. This article provides thorough information for improving reading comprehension and eventually succeeding on the IELTS Reading exam, from understanding the material to breaking down sample responses.

Table of Contents

The Concept of Intelligence - IELTS Reading Passage

Paragraph 1

Looked at in one way, everyone knew what intelligence is; looked at in another way, no one really does. Similarly, people have unconscious notions - called ‘implicit theories' - of intelligence, but no one knows what it is all about. Well, it addresses how people perceive and conceptualize intelligence based on their experience. But why do we need to even care what people's perception of intelligence, contradicting to valuing whatever it is? There are at least four different findings related to people’s conceptions of intelligence.

Paragraph 2

Initially, implicit theories of intelligence set a path in which people perceive and analyse their intelligence and compare it with others. To understand people's judgments about their own and others’ abilities, it is highly-recommended to know more about people’s implicit theories. Let's say for instance, parents’ implicit theories of their children’s language development will show when they will make various alterations in their children’s speech. Besides that, parents’ implicit theories of intelligence will show when they believe their children can do other forms of cognitive tasks. On the other hand, Job recruitment process is performed on the basis of their implicit theories of intelligence. In a working environment, people will decide with whom they can be friends with on the basis of those theories. Overall, the concept of implicit theories of intelligence is imperative mainly because their knowledge is so often used by humans to make predictions and judgements in the course of action.

Paragraph 3

The second finding is that the implicit theories of scientific investigators obviously increase to their explicit theories. Hence it seems to be useful to know and understand about these implicit theories. Implicit theories are based on a framework, useful in knowing the wide scope of a phenomenon - a not-well-understood phenomenon. So, such implicit theories recommend what components of the phenomenon were used in previous investigations.

Paragraph 4

Third, implicit theories are advantageous when an investigator accuses that existing explicit theories are not correct or misleading. Likewise, when an investigation of implicit theories showcases some correspondence between the extant implicit and explicit theories, the implicit theories may not be true. However, the chances also need to be considered when the explicit theories are wrong and need to be corrected. For instance, certain implicit theories of intelligence emphasise the need for expansion of some of our explicit theories.

Paragraph 5

Finally, getting to know implicit theories of intelligence can lead to  developmental and cross-cultural variations. As previously mentioned, people have huge expectations for intellectual designs that of course vary for children of different age groups. We must know how such expectations vary as a part of a function of culture. For instance, in Western-type of schooling, children who indulge in activities are likely to be different from those for children who do not indulge in those activities.

Paragraph 6

It is clear that there are three main implicit theories of how intelligence associates to society as a whole (Sternberg, 1997). And that was claimed by Jacksonian, Hamiltonian, and Jeffersonian. These thoughts are not based purely, but, partially, on the philosophies of Thomas Jefferson, Alexander Hamilton and Andrew Jackson, three great statesmen in the United States.

Paragraph 7

The Hamilton view, similar to the Platonic view, tells that people are with different levels of intelligence by birth. Those who are less intelligent need the good offices filled with more intelligent people to keep them in line, whether they are government servants or in Plato’s term, philosopher-kings. On the other hand, Herrnstein and Murray (1994) shared this belief when they were writing about the emergence of a cognitive (high-IQ) elite, which eventually would have to be for the largely irresponsible masses of non-elite (low-IQ) people who are unable to protect themselves from any external force. However, we must leave the unintelligent people with whatever they would create, a kind of chaos.

Paragraph 8

Whereas, the Jefferson view reveals that people must possess equal opportunities, where they do not use equally of these opportunities and are not recognized equally for their achievements. People get recognition for what they accomplish if they get equal opportunity. Poor achievers get no recognition to the same extent as high achievers. Thus, on the Jefferson view, education should not favor or foster an elite, like given in the Hamiltonian tradition, rather it should allow children the opportunities to use their full potential. Even my own idea is similar to these (Sternberg, 1997).

Paragraph 9

In Jackson's point of view all people are equal, not just as human beings but with respect to their competencies. For example, one person would serve while another in the public sector or a jury or in almost any position having the same amount of responsibility. When it comes to democracy, people are highly inter-substitutable, not on specialised skills, but everything can be learned. Based on this approach, we don't require or want any form of institutions that would show favouritism towards one group over another.

Paragraph 10

Implicit theories of intelligence and its relationship of intelligence to society should be closely watched because they often serve as underlying criteria for explicit theories and even experimental designs. They are used for scientific experimentation. Until various research scholars are able to analyse their implicit theories and thus their views and thoughts, they are going to miss the opportunity to know what others say while discussing their explicit theories with their information. 

Everything You Need to Know about IELTS Results

The Concept of Intelligence Reading Questions

Questions 1 - 5

Complete the notes below.

Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER from the passage for each answer.

In Jackson's point of view all people are equal, not just as 1. ___________ but with respect to their competencies.

Whether they are government servants or in Plato’s term, 2. ____________.

However, the chances also need to be considered when the 3. ____________ are wrong and need to be corrected.

There are three main implicit theories of how intelligence associates to society as a whole (Sternberg, 4. ___________).

To understand people's 5. ______________ about their own and others’ abilities, it is highly-recommended to know more about people’s implicit theories.

Questions 6 - 9

Do the following statements agree with the information given in the reading passage?

Write 

YES, if the statement agrees with the claim of the writer
NO, if the statement contradicts the claim of the writer
NOT GIVEN, if it is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this

6. It is important to understand the psychology of the people to know their perception of intelligence. 
7. According to Herrnstein and Murray (1994), the emergence of a cognitive (high-IQ) elite won’t be necessary for the largely irresponsible masses of non-elite (low-IQ) people who are able to protect themselves. 
8. People have big expectations for intellectual designs that of course vary for children of different age groups.
9. Job recruitment process is performed on the basis of their implicit and explicit theories of intelligence.

Questions 10 - 13

This reading passage has ten paragraphs, A - J.

Which paragraph contains the following information?

Write the correct letter A - J, as your answer to each question.

Note: You may use any letter more than once. 

10. It is useful to understand the implicit theories as they are based on a framework.
11. Implicit theories serve as an important criteria 
12. Implicit theories are useful during an investigation that suspects existing explicit theories are not wrong
13. People get rewards and recognition for what they achieve

The Concept of Intelligence Reading Answers

You can refer to the concept of intelligence IELTS reading answers below with a detailed explanation. 

(Note: The text in italics is from the reading passage and shows the location from where the answer is taken or inferred. The text in the regular font explains the answer in detail.)

1. Human beings 

Explanation Paragraph 8 - In Jackson's point of view all people are equal, not just as human beings but with respect to their competencies.

2. Philosopher-kings 

Explanation Paragraph 7 - Whether they are government servants or in Plato’s term, philosopher-kings.

3. Explicit Theories

Explanation Paragraph 4 - However, the chances also need to be considered when the explicit theories are wrong and need to be corrected.

4.1997

Explanation Paragraph 6 - There are three main implicit theories of how intelligence associates to society as a whole (Sternberg, 1997).

5. Judgements

Explanation Paragraph 2 - To understand people's judgements about their own and others’ abilities, it is highly-recommended to know more about people’s implicit theories.

6. Not Given 

Explanation Paragraph - The statement is not found in the passage.

7. No

Explanation Paragraph 7 - Herrnstein and Murray (1994) shared this belief when they were writing about the emergence of a cognitive (high-IQ) elite, which eventually would have to be for the largely irresponsible masses of non-elite (low-IQ) people who are unable to protect themselves from any external force.

8. Yes 

Explanation Paragraph 5 - People have huge expectations for intellectual designs that of course vary for children of different age groups.

9. No 

Explanation Paragraph 2 - Job recruitment process is performed on the basis of their implicit theories of intelligence.

10. Paragraph C

Explanation Paragraph 3 - Hence it seems to be useful to know and understand about these implicit theories. Implicit theories are based on a framework.

11. Paragraph J 

Explanation Paragraph 10 - Implicit theories of intelligence and its relationship of intelligence to society should be closely watched because they often serve as underlying criteria for explicit theories and even experimental designs.

12. Paragraph D

Explanation Paragraph 4 - Third, implicit theories are advantageous when an investigator accuses that existing explicit theories are not correct or misleading.

13. Paragraph H

Explanation Paragraph 8 - People get recognition for what they accomplish if they get equal opportunity.

How to Score 8777 in IELTS: Importance & Tips

Tips for the IELTS Reading Exam

Here are some professional recommendations for the IELTS reading test:

  • Skim and Scan: Learn to quickly skim and scan strategies to find important information in the paragraph. Skim over the material to obtain a basic comprehension, then check for precise information while answering questions.
  • Highlight/Underline Keywords: To aid in concentrating your attention and finding pertinent material more quickly, highlight/underline keywords in both the passage and the questions.
  • Manage Your Time: Divide your time judiciously across the three chapters. Aim to devour approximately 20 minutes on each area and avoid getting stuck on any question for too long. If you are still waiting for a response, move on and return to it later if time allows.
  • Carefully read the instructions: Pay attention to the directions for each question type. Different question types may necessitate other methods, so ensure you understand what is asked before responding.
  • Practice  regularly: Familiarize yourself with various writing styles and themes by reading academic articles, newspapers, and magazines. Use approved IELTS practice resources to imitate the test atmosphere.

Conclusion

To summarize, mastering the IELTS Reading test involves a combination of successful tactics, persistent practice, and confidence. You may quickly and accurately explore the chapters by establishing strong skimming and scanning methods, growing your vocabulary, and becoming familiar with various questions. Identify and manage your time effectively, remain calm under pressure, and systematically address each question. Yocket's extensive study materials and professional assistance may provide additional support and tools to help you succeed in your IELTS. With effort and the correct resources, you may confidently take the IELTS Reading exam and attain your goal score. Visit Yocket today and take your IELTS preparation to the next level.

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