Exams Know-how

What Is Thesis: Its Characteristics & Structure

Yocket Editorial Team

Table of Contents

What is a Thesis?

A unique research topic, hypothesis, or argument is presented in a thesis, which is a lengthy, formal piece of academic writing. It usually represents the conclusion of the research and scholarship of a student's work in a specific field of study. It is written by students pursuing higher education, such as a master's or doctorate.

A thesis is a substantial academic accomplishment and a requirement for graduate study. It necessitates thorough organisation, investigation, and writing, and it demonstrates a student's capacity for intellectual inquiry and contribution to the academic community. For more information on how to plan your academic journey, visit Yocket.

Characteristics of a Thesis

Key characteristics of a thesis include:

  • Original Research: A thesis necessitates either original research or a study of already published material. The chosen field should benefit from this research's new information or insights.
  • Structured Format: A thesis has a set format that may contain an introduction, literature review, methodology, data analysis, discussion of the findings, and a conclusion.
  • Academic Rigour: Theses must meet rigorous academic standards and exhibit critical thinking, research prowess, and in-depth knowledge of the subject.
  • Citations and references: A thesis must include accurate citations and references to all relevant sources. Every source utilised in the study needs to be cited using a particular citation format, such as APA, MLA, or Chicago.
  • Defence: As part of many academic programmes, students must present a verbal defence of their thesis to a panel of faculty members. Students present their research, reply to inquiries, and show their subject-matter mastery throughout the defence.
  • Contributions to information: A well-written thesis should add to the corpus of information already available on the topic. It needs to fill a research hole, refute accepted beliefs, or provide workable answers to a dilemma.

Writing a Thesis

Three steps to writing a thesis statement are:  

Think About the Greatest Essay Topic Possible

  • Choose a subject that you are ardent about. If you're sincerely interested in something, even if you don't know much about it, it will be simpler to learn about it while writing. 
  • If you don't focus on a certain area, your work will be too general and maybe too long. Just be careful not to be too particular, or you won't have anything to write about. Try to strike a balance. 
  • Make sure there are enough reliable, powerful sources available before you start your investigation. You don't want to run out of references in the middle. 

Make a Question Out of Your Subject, Then Respond to It

It's not always simple to sum up your entire argument in a single line, much less one that is well-written and concise. Here is a fast method to get you going: 

Start by framing your subject as a question. For instance, if you wish to write about Mahatma Gandhi's legacy, consider the following: "What influences did Gandhi has on society after his death?" 

Write down the response if you already know it; this will serve as a solid foundation for your thesis statement. Do some preliminary research to learn the answer if you don't already know it; you may utilise the information you acquire as sources and proof in your essay's body paragraphs. 

Boost the Polish

Keep in mind the fundamental characteristics of thesis statements that we outlined above: clear language, a balance of particular but not overly exact facts, and a mention of subtopics. Move the supporting details to the next phase if you find it difficult to include everything in the first one. Only the essentials should be included in the thesis statement. 

If you're unsure, have a buddy read your thesis statement and then ask them what they believe your paper is going to be about. Your thesis statement has succeeded if you provide a correct response. 

The challenging part is next—writing the remainder! Even if the majority of the writing is still to be done, at least you have established your main idea. Follow our essay-writing guidelines and allow your ideas to flow while you plan out your supporting argument. Visit Yocket to brush up on your writing skills! 

How to Structure a Thesis?

Theses generally have an introduction, literature review, methods part, results section, discussion section, and conclusion section in both the hard sciences and the social sciences. Each of these is discussed in its own separate part or chapter. You might wish to include an appendix in some circumstances.

Title Page

Your thesis's first page includes all important identifying information, such as:

  • Your full title
  • Your full name
  • Your department
  • Your institution and degree program
  • Your submission date


Typically, the acknowledgements portion is optional. Its major purpose is to provide you a chance to express your gratitude to everyone who supported you throughout the writing of your thesis, including your supervisors, friends, and family. Prefaces are optional, although usually just one of the two is written, not both.


A concise description of your thesis is called an abstract. It should contain succinct summaries of your research's aims, methodology, results, and conclusions and is typically no more than 300 words. Even though it may appear brief, it serves as a first impression of your thesis and presents your work to your audience.

Table of Contents

All of your sections, together with their respective page numbers and subheadings, if applicable, are included in the table of contents. This makes it easier for your reader to read your work.

All of your thesis' important sections should be listed in the table of contents. Don't forget to read the appendices, in particular. Microsoft Word makes it simple to create an automated table if you utilise heading styles.


The topic, goal, and significance of your thesis are established in the introduction, along with the reader's expectations. This ought to:

  • Provide any background information your reader would need to understand your study topic.
  • Define the scope of your study and describe any prior research on the subject. Place your work in the context of a larger issue or debate.
  • What research questions do you have?
  • Briefly describe the rest of your work's process.

Review of the Literature

A literature study aids you in developing a thorough grasp of all previous scholarly work on your subject, covering:

  • Choosing pertinent sources
  • Selecting reliable sources for your information
  • Analysing each of your sources critically
  • Establishing links across sources, taking into account any recurring themes, trends, disputes, or gaps


Your methodology chapter outlines your research process for the reader. It should be stated logically and with clarity to make it simple for the reader to evaluate the merits of your claim. Additionally, your methods section ought to persuade the reader that your approach was the most effective way to address the research topic.

Conclusion of the thesis

Your key research topic should be succinctly addressed in your thesis conclusion. It should emphasise how exactly your study has advanced your subject and leave the reader with a crystal-clear knowledge of your main point.

Final Thoughts

A thesis is an important part of intellectual research and discovery, not merely a necessary academic obligation. The core of a thesis, its various kinds, and its crucial function in the realm of scholarly study have all been revealed to us along this voyage.

A student's capacity to explore, evaluate, and advance knowledge in their subject is demonstrated by their thesis, which can be a master's thesis, a doctorate dissertation, or any research effort in between. It's a process that needs commitment, skepticism, and unshakable resolve. Are you ready to embark on your own journey of scholarly inquiry? It's a path that demands commitment and unwavering resolve. Let's take the first step with Yocket premium.

Frequently Asked Questions about What is Thesis

1. What is a thesis for Masters?

2. Do all Master’s students write a thesis?

3. Can I do a PhD without a Master’s thesis?

Articles you might like