One of the most famous non-Anglophone country in the world, this one is known for its cars, beer, bread, sausages, cathedrals, Castles, Football but most importantly its free education. There are over 3,24,000 international students in Germany coming from China, India, Russia, Austria, Italy, France, Cameron, Ukraine, Turkey and Bulgaria.
There are two types of universities: Public and private. Public universities don’t charge tuition fees. There are a total of 400 public universities in Germany. Private universities are few (120) and can be very expensive. Also, many German universities believe in ‘academic freedom where students don’t have to attend fixed classes and can make their choices. A Bachelor’s degree lasts for three to four years and a Master’s degree is generally just for 2 years (lasting for 2 to 5 semesters). You get a masters degree with a total of 120 ECTS credits. 90 of these will be earned through modules, coursework and exams. The remaining 30 account for your research work and dissertation.
Types of intakes:
1.Summer (April)- popular deadlines for international students- 15 Jan
2.Winter (Sept/Oct)- popular deadlines for international students- 15 July
It is truly impossible to accommodate all students in one intake and hence there are two intakes. The class size is larger during winter intakes. Work opportunities and assistantships are greater during winter intakes because a lot of professors begin their research then. Winter is also better for extra curricular activities. Visa approvals are irrespective of any intake. If your favourite course is available only starting summer, you must not miss out.
Research Universities: These carry out original academic research work in various works. They award Masters and Phd degrees. Also known as Universität.
Technical Universities: Known to excel at science, technology and engineering research. Also known as Technische Universität.
Universities of Applied Sciences: The target is provide more practical education in engineering, business and social sciences. They often have co-ops and partnerships with business organizations. Also known as Fachhochschulen.
Colleges of Art, Film and Music: These universities offer guidance in creative fields.
In recent years, Germany has witnessed a large boom in the number of international applicants. This is because of the blossoming industry and great education system. Also, a lot of universities offer education to students at as little as €1,000. You have to qualify certain criteria for that though!
Now, getting an admit from a german university is a dream come true for students across all fields. However, getting an admit isn’t that easy. This is because the demand over-exceeds the supply. This means that there are far too many applicants and very limited number of seats available. Don’t fret! It doesn’t mean it’s impossible. It’s just a regular amount of difficult :P
Follow these steps to have a better hold over your application and know what all you need to apply:
1. Entrance tests: You may need to take entrance exams like GRE , TOEFL, SAT, ACT, IELTS , GMAT ,etc. You need to check your course requirements for the same.
School Leaving: To study at a German university, you need a university entrance qualification. This is a school-leaving or higher education certificate that you need to qualify. If your previous education doesn’t suffice, you will have to attend a course.
2. Know Your Finances: You will have to show at least 8700 euros plus tuition fee (if any), so know that beforehand before you go ahead with your application.
3. Check DAAD: DAAD is a German Academic Exchange service which has a website on which you can simply enter your country to find out if your education qualification is valid for entering Germany. Currently, information about 80 countries is available here.
4. Check Anabin: For more detailed information on how foreign credentials are evaluated in Germany or the recognition of your university in Germany, check Anabin website which will give you more relevant details about your eligibility. The website is only available in German but use Google Translate on Google Chrome to help you with that.
5. Aptitude Test: Not all courses need an aptitude test. You have to check on your specific course and university page. TestAS is a popular test which examines your language test, specialist questions concerning your subject and testing your cognitive capability. The test costs about 80 euros. It is vital to look at the TestAS guide before moving forward.
6. Language Check: Although it is not compulsory to know German, it is always better to learn a bit to be able to suit your surroundings. It is vital to check if your course is basically taught in English. There are German language teaching courses in major cities everywhere in the world. It takes approximately 30 weeks, or 750 classroom hours to learn German formally. If you want to learn a few informal words or phrases, you can use various apps like Duolingo, Memrise, etc.
7. Application: Each application for each course in a university costs about 15 euros. You need to upload Transcripts with details about your course and subjects. Some universities even accept French and English transcripts. As a general precaution, always begin filling the form months before your deadline. It is a lengthy process and you may discover new hurdles. You don’t want to discover time-consuming processes pending just a day before the deadline. Usually the deadlines are at 15 July for Winter semester and 15 January for Summer.
In 2014, Germany abolished tuition fee in 16 states, for both domestic and international students. You will find a lot of universities with less or no tuition. The Federal State of Baden-Wuerttemberg are exceptions where the government still charges about 1500 euros tuition fee. All universities are supposed to charge a semester contribution, which can be about 250 euros on an average per semester. In some universities, students have to pay an extra administrative fee of about 50 euros per semester. Students require about 850 euros to survive the month.
Your accommodation may be your largest expense going somewhere from 210 euros to 350 euros. Like the UK, even in Germany, students are entitled to numerous concessions upon showing the ID card. The health insurance costs about 80 euros. In all, you may spend a little over 800 euros per month. Find more details about the Cost of Surviving in Germany.
As Germany is known to be a country with free education, the visa regulations and university applications can’t be very lenient. For starters, the student visa costs about 60 euros. If you want to study in Germany, apply for the visa at least three months in advance. You can fill the online visa application form depending on where you are located.
1. Completed application form
2. Two photographs
3. University offer letter (look at exceptions below)
4. Academic transcripts, German or English Language proficiency depending on language of the course
5. Show proof of sufficient funds required to survive in Germany for a year (roughly 8700 pounds of living plus university charges)
6. Health insurance certificate (80 euros per month)
7. Declaration of the authenticity of your documents
8. Show that you don’t have any criminal record
International students with a residence permit can extend their stay and can seek work for up to 18 months after graduating provided that the job is related to their field of study. Graduates from EU/EEA countries can stay on to seek work without any restrictions or permits. After two years of employment in Germany, once can try applying for a permanent residency status. It is not essential but definitely beneficial to be proficient in the German language when seeking work in Germany.
Given below is a set of universities, third parties and government institutions that offer scholarship opportunities to international students wanting to pursue their studies abroad.
List of scholarship for Study Abroad for Fall/Spring 2021
Legally, as an international student, you are permitted to work for 120 full days or 240 half days each year with a German Student Visa. However, these may vary based on a lot of factors, like location, type of job( if you are supposed to put in extra man hours for the work), etc.
Here are some basic rules you need to follow:
1. If you wish to work, you will require a permit from Alien Registration Office (Agentur für Arbeit) and financial officers. The permit will have the maximum number of working hours written on it. Generally, students are permitted to work 20 hours a week during college hours and full time during vacations. Rules vary depending on whether you’re from EU or not.
2. If you are enrolled in a preparatory or language course, the regulations could be tighter. You will need explicit permission to work in these cases.
3. The minimum wage is 8.84 euros an hour (raised in 2017).
4. For anyone earning less than 450 euros a month, there is no income tax to be paid. Research assistants need to pay no taxes at all.
5. Also, if you have been working or a time period of less than 5.50 continuous days over the period of one year, you do not need to pay tax.
6. It is advised that students don’t work for more than 20 hours a week, not only because it is illegal but also it raises certain additional costs.
7. Working on University campus can be beneficial for a student. This is because in some cases, longer working hours are permitted and taxes may also be exempted.
Please note that violating any federal laws or government policies will result in expulsion from the country so do not even think of disobeying them.
1. Graduate / Research / Teaching Assistant
2. Work as a waiter, server, support member, etc. at bars, cafes, and such
3. English Tutor. If you’re really good at the language.
4. Internship in your field, etc.
2. University degree certificate or official document from your university confirming that you successfully completed your studies
3. Document proving you have health insurance
4. Proof that you have means of supporting yourself financially
International students with a residence permit can extend their stay and seek work for up to 18 months after graduating provided that the job is related to their field of study. Graduates from EU/EEA countries can stay on to seek work without any restrictions or permits. After two years of employment in Germany, once can try applying for a permanent residency status. It is not essential but definitely beneficial to be proficient in the German language when seeking work in Germany.
As we all know, Germany is very well known for its Automobile Industry. Therefore, having a degree in automobile engineering or related industry engineering fields is beneficial. Other booming industries include Telecommunication, IT and Computers, Finance, etc.
The average salaries for various positions are:
Job Title Average Annual Salary
The minimum requirement is 6.5 for most of the technical courses. A student can send their IELTS score to 5 Universities within a month of getting your exams.
It is possible for an international student studying in Germany to bring their parents to stay with them during their study period, subject to certain requirements.
Students normally live in the misconception that German is a difficult language to learn, when in reality, it's not nearly as hard to learn as many think.
Germany, a land of rich cultural heritage with a solid historical background is a perfect place to study for students from all over the world. The pros of studying in Germany include, affordable at public universities, globally recognized degrees from highly regarded institutions, high quality of life and great job opportunities. If you plan to pursue higher education in Germany, you need to understand the German university admission process. Since it can be tricky to understand, we have simplified the whole Germany application process. Keep on reading to know everything about how to study in Germany.
Table of Contents:
Before we delve into the question of how to apply for German Universities, let us know a few highlights of higher education in Germany :
German universities are primarily divided into Public and Private Universities. While the public universities charge zero to minimal tuition fee, the private universities are relatively more expensive.
The public universities in Germany are extremely affordable when compared to countries like the USA. They charge little to no tuition fee even from international students .
While most universities offer some courses in English, most courses are taught in German and therefore require students to be proficient in German.
In most German universities , an academic year consists of two semesters- summer ( April - September) and winter ( October- March).
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The Germany application process can be broken down in 3 parts - pre admission, the main application process and post admission.
Students have to follow certain steps in all the three parts of the Germany application process in order to secure an admission in German universities.
All the steps are explained below in detail.
Here are some steps that you will need to follow before taking the admission to your desired university in Germany.
The first step to apply for German University is to find one that suits your interests and the area of your study. There are numerous universities in Germany which may align with your interests, therefore, you need to keep the following points in mind :
Start your research for universities well in advance and then narrow down your options to a few universities that you would like to apply for. You can refer to QS World Rankings to know about top universities in Germany.
REMEMBER! Courses in Germany are taught in both German and English languages. While looking for a university, make sure you check all the language requirements for the course of your choice.
This is probably the most important stage in Germany university application process. Make sure you check all the requirements to study in Germany very carefully before proceeding to apply for the universities.
All the universities in Germany have their own website and a section where you can find all the information related to admission requirements for a particular course. Never hesitate to contact the university if you do not understand something.
The requirements may vary slightly depending on the course of your choice and university. However, the most common requirements for international students are given below:
A recognized Hochschulzugangsberechtigung (HZB), meaning ‘higher education entrance qualification’.
Give Feststellungsprüfung entrance examination after attending a preparatory Studienkolleg. (In some cases only)
Language proficiency tests.
TIP: Start learning the German language well in advance because you will require some grasp over the language while navigating through the Germany university application process.
As an international student in Germany, it is extremely important to have some knowledge of the German language, even if your course is in English.
It is important to remember that most of the courses in Germany are taught in German. You can also find courses taught in English but still you need to have a grasp on the German language. You will be able to effectively understand what is taught in lectures and comprehend study materials only if you understand German. You will also have to speak in German when you decide to converse with locals.
Learning German from scratch can be difficult and can take some time. Hence, start early.
TIP: Learning German at least 6-7 months before the course starts can be very helpful.
Main application process involves the actual task of applying to the universities of your choice after meeting all the requirements and eligibility criterias.
The main application process consists of 3 main steps which are mentioned below:
To get admission in Germany, you need to apply to your desired university. You can do the same by the following ways :
Apply through the university’s official website.
Use the centralized admissions portal for international students, run by the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD). (All universities do not use this. Check with your university for more details.)
Apply directly to the international office of the university.
You will typically have to fill the application form and upload all the required documents and pay the application fee.
The list of required documents for germany university application are:
A passport photo
Language proficiency test scores
Completed and signed application form
The payment fee receipt
There are two intakes in German universities - Summer and winter intake. The applications for summer enrolments have to be made by 15 January and winter enrolments have to be made by 15 July.
REMEMBER: The deadlines may vary depending on the institution so it is recommended that you keep a check on the deadlines and follow them strictly.
Next step in Germany university admission process is arranging finances. While public universities across Germany do not charge any tuition fee, studying at private universities can be expensive. Therefore make sure you have adequate arrangements to cover your expenses. There are different ways to Finance your education in Germany, these are -
Apply for student loans
Apply for scholarships
Take up part-time jobs
International students can lookout for DAAD Scholarships offered in germany. Similarly, EU students can apply for the Erasmus scholarship programs.
Make sure you apply to various scholarships since scholarships are highly competitive.
To ease your study abroad experience and know everything about financing your studies, book a FREE consultation call with a Yocket Professional today!
Once you complete the above steps of Germany university admission process, the next is procuring a visa. Student Visa procedures may vary depending on your home country, duration and purpose of stay in Germany.
Students from the EU do not require a visa or any documentation to study in Germany.
You can check if your country is one of those without visa requirements or not on the Federal Foreign Office website.
Take a look at some of the basic documents that you would need while applying for a Student Visa:
Proof of Financial resources
Student Health insurance
Language proficiency test results (German or english depending on your course)
Acceptance letter from your university
Note: While applying for a German student visa, it is mandatory for students to show that they have at least 8,700 EUR (INR 7,54,158.48) per year to support themselves while living in Germany.
After you have secured an admission in the university of your choice, you have to complete a few procedures post your admission which are of crucial importance.
Take a look at all the things that you must keep in mind after you have secured an admission in German universities.
After completing your Germany application process, it is very essential to start looking for an accommodation before arriving in Germany because most German universities do not offer accommodation to enrolling students.
You can find various options for accommodation in Germany like:
Student halls of residence
Youth hostels or guest house
TIP: Use Accommodation Finder for finding information about various student residences in your university town.
After you have figured out your accommodation, don’t forget to register at the ‘residents’ registration office’ (Einwohnermeldeamt) or the ‘citizens’ bureau’ (Bürgeramt).
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The final step in your Germany university admission process is to enrol at your university before you can start your course and use university facilities. The certificate confirming enrolment is called an “Immatrikulationsbescheinigung”. It’s an important document that you’ll need on future occasions. The enrollment period is often quite short. After you have enrolled, you will receive a student ID.
Once you’re officially enrolled, you are allowed to attend courses at university, take examinations and obtain an academic degree.
Students are normally required to enrol in person at the Office of Student Affairs ("Studentensekretariat") at the university.
Here are the documents you will need while enrolling:
Personal identification card or passport
Notification of admission
University entrance qualification: the original or a certified copy with a certified translation in German
Several passport photos
Confirmation of health insurance coverage by a public health insurance provider in Germany, or proof that your policy from your home country is recognised in Germany
You’ll also need to re-register before the start of every semester. This usually costs between 150 EUR and 250 EUR (INR 13,068.75 to 21,781.25), depending on the university. There may be an additional charge of around 180 EUR (INR 15,680.34) for a “Semesterticket”, which covers public transport expenses for six months.
Once you have enrolled, you will receive a certificate of enrolment which also serves as your provisional student ID.
And that's it! That's all you need to know about how to study in Germany. Before we wrap up, we have addressed below the commonly asked questions about the application process -
Winter intake is considered to be the primary season for applying to German universities. However, both the intakes are equally good.
To apply for german university, you need to follow the 8 simple steps involved in the application process:
Find a university
Check the requirements and eligibility criterias
Learn german language
Finance your studies
Fill the application forms for universities
Apply for a student visa
No, it is not compulsory because you can apply for courses taught in English. But most of the courses are taught in German and it is recommended to learn the language in order to be able to express yourself properly and converse with locals in Germany.
The German university admission process can be a little tricky, however, with the correct guidance and understanding, it can be easy to crack.
The time varies from university to university and course to course. However, universities may take up to six weeks to respond after the application deadline.
Studying in Germany can definitely be a lucrative decision for international students. The universities offer various support services and workshops for international students which can be very helpful. Furthermore, if you ever face any difficulties, you can always contact various help groups for students. Student life in Germany can be very relaxed, enriching and thrilling. So go ahead and explore all of Germany and get a chance to study in your dream university!
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